Gem of the Month — April

Shimmering with an internal fire all its own, diamond is one of the world’s most sought-after and adored gemstones. Those born in the fair month of April are lucky enough to call this scintillating stone their “birthstone,” a symbol of clarity and strength. Diamond is so strong, in fact, that its name comes from the Greek “adamastos,” or “invincible.”

A diamond’s quality is evaluated by the 4Cs: color, clarity, cut, and carat weight.

Color refers to the absence of color in a diamond. The less color in the stone, the more desirable and valuable it is.
- With the exception of fancy colored diamonds the color scale for transparent diamonds goes from
D-F(colorless), G-J(near colorless),K-M(faint yellow), to Z(light yellow).

Clarity measures the amount, size and placement of internal inclusions, and external blemishes.
- Clarity levels being with Flawless(FL & IF) followed by Very Very Slight(VVS1 & 2), Very Slight(VS1 & 2), Slightly Included(SI1 & 2), and Included( I1, 2, & 3)

Cut refers to the proportion and arrangement of the diamond’s facets and the quality of workmanship. The amount of brilliance, sparkle and fire in a diamond is determined by cut.
- Diamonds are cut into many different shapes, some of the most popular include: Round Brilliant, Princess(square), Emerald, Asscher, Cushion, Heart, Marquise, Oval, Pear, Radiant, and Triangle

Carat weight refers to a diamond’s weight. Most often, the higher the carat weight, the more expensive the stone.

Scientific Qualities:

- Gem Species: Diamond

- Hardness: 10

Major Sources: Botswana, Russia, South Africa, Australia, Namibia, Zaire, Brazil, China, & Canada

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